General Étienne François Rocbert de Lamorendière-Ducoudray

Officer who served in Spain for many years

Born: December 13, 1769

Place of Birth: Saint-Martin-de-Ré, Charente-Maritime, France

Died: January 2, 1837

Place of Death: Bordeaux, France

Arc de Triomphe: LAMORANDIÈRE on the south pillar


The son of an army captain serving in Saint-Domingue, Étienne François Rocbert de Lamorendière-Ducoudray joined the regiment of Cap in December of 1785. The next year he was commissioned as a sous-lieutenant, and then in 1789 he was promoted to lieutenant. From 1790 to 1792 Lamorendière served in Saint-Domingue against the rebellion. He was promoted to capitaine in February of 1792 and then he returned to France at the end of 1792. Lamorendière was sent to the Army of the Coasts of Brest and then the Army of the Coasts of the Ocean for the next few years. In 1796 he joined the Army of Italy and in 1798 he took part in the expedition to Egypt as part of the Army of the Orient. In April of 1799 Lamorendière was promoted to chef de bataillon and in then in May he was fighting at the Siege of Acre when he wounded by two shots, one to the right hand and the other to the right hip. Remaining in Egypt, Lamorendière won at Rahmanieh in May of 1801 and then returned to France at the end of 1801 with the rest of the army.

In December of 1803 Lamorendière was appointed major of the 70th of the Line. He remained in this position for many years and he was sent to Spain in 1809. Lamorendière was finally promoted to colonel in March of 1809 and that December he was made colonel of the 75th of the Line. He continued to serve in Spain and in 1811 he was named a Baron of the Empire. In 1813 Lamorendière served at the Battle of Vitoria , he was named an Officer of the Legion of Honor, and he was promoted to général de brigade. At the end of the year he took command of a brigade in the 6th Division of the Army of the Pyrenees. Helping defend southern France, Lamorendière was wounded by a shot at the Battle of Toulouse in April of 1814. The restored Bourbons named Lamorendière a Knight of Saint Louis and he did not take part in the Hundred Days, retiring shortly thereafter.


Updated March 2023

© Nathan D. Jensen